3M fires back at President Trump over order to produce more face masks
Manufacturing giant 3M pushed back Friday against criticism from President Donald Trump over production of face masks that are badly needed by American health care workers.
The company said it has been producing as many masks as possible for the U.S. “over the last several weeks and months.”
3M also said the administration asked it to stop exporting medical-grade masks to Canada and Latin America, which the company said raises “significant humanitarian implications” and will backfire by causing other countries to retaliate against the U.S.
The unusual but not unprecedented spat between the president and a leading American manufacturer broke out after Trump directed heads of the Homeland Security Department and Federal Emergency Management Agency to use their authority under the 1950 Defense Production Act to acquire the “appropriate” number of N95 respirators from 3M and any of its affiliates.
“This is an extraordinary piece of legislation that’s really meant for very, very or severe circumstances,” David Schultz, an election law professor at the Hamline University and University of Minnesota Schools of Law.
He explained it was first used during the Korean War, to require private businesses to produce needed bullets, armor and uniforms.
“It’s being used, I think, in a parallel way,” said Schultz. “He is saying that there are certain businesses we think are critical to fighting COVID-19 and certain materials we need to be able to successfully address COVID-19.”
The decision comes just days after 3M announced it would increase mask production by 40% by June, to 50 million masks per month.
“It was probably necessary to [invoke the Defense Production Act] yes, only because we have hundreds of millions of masks that need to be made,” he said. “The need is going to be ongoing and it’s just going to rapidly grow so 3M can’t probably make all of these themselves and it’s going to require other companies to get involved."
5 EYEWITNESS NEWS asked Schultz if there could be a point where companies can’t keep up with the requests, or don’t have the infrastructure in place to fulfill the requests.
“I mean, it’s easy enough to tell a company go manufacture ventilators but if their equipment, if their assembly lines, if their capacity doesn’t allow them to do that then that’s going to be an outer limit in terms of what they can,” he said. “That becomes a concern here – who is equipped from a manufacturing point of view, from a facility point of view to do some of these things?”
The N95 masks, also called respirators, provide more protection against the new coronavirus than ordinary surgical masks. Governors and hospital officials around the country have warned of a dire shortage of masks and other protective gear for health care workers treating people with COVID-19, the disease caused by the new coronavirus.
The president followed up his order with a barbed tweet Thursday night at the Minnesota-based manufacturer.
“We hit 3M hard today after seeing what they were doing with their Masks. ‘P Act’ all the way. Big surprise to many in government as to what they were doing – will have a big price to pay!” Trump tweeted.
The events leading to Trump’s order against 3M began weeks ago. A White House official said when Vice President Mike Pence visited the 3M Innovation Center in Maplewood last month, he was told that 3M had 35 million N95 masks that were intended for commercial uses but could be used by health care workers.
Pence praised the company’s efforts during his visit.
This week, after 3M received liability protection that it sought, the White House learned that not all of those masks were ready for the U.S. market, the official said.
Jared Kushner, the president’s son-in-law, has been leading administration contacts with the company to learn where the masks went and why some were not available as promised. The situation led Trump to invoke the Defense Production Act, said the official, who spoke on condition of anonymity to discuss events that have not been made public.
The company said it has been working with the Trump administration since last weekend and has shipped masks that it produces overseas back to the U.S., including 10 million N95 masks 3M made in China.
3M also raised concerns over what it said was a request by the administration to stop exporting masks to Canada and Latin American countries.
In a statement the company said, "There are, however, significant humanitarian implications of ceasing respirator supplies to healthcare workers in Canada and Latin America where we are a critical supplier of respirators."
“In addition, ceasing all export of respirators produced in the United States would likely cause other countries to retaliate and do the same, as some have already done. If that were to occur, the net number of respirators being made available to the United States would actually decrease,” the company said. “That is the opposite of what we and the Administration, on behalf of the American people, both seek.”
The White House did not immediately comment on the company’s statement about limiting exports.
On Friday afternoon, however, President Trump said he will sign a directive invoking the Defense Production Act to prohibit the export of health supplies by “unscrupulous actors and profitiers.”
“The Secretary of Homeland Security and FEMA will work to prevent the export of N95 respirators, surgical masks, gloves and other personal protective equipment,” said President Trump. “We need these items immediately for domestic use, we have to have them.”
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said essential health supplies and workers flow both ways across the border, and blocking exports of 3M masks would be a mistake.
“I think of the thousands of nurses who cross the bridge in Windsor to work in the Detroit medical system every day,” Trudeau said. “These are things American rely on.”
Doug Ford, premier of Ontario province, said he protested to U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer, expressing concern that Trump could create a shortage of masks for Canadian doctors and nurses.
“The health and well-being of our frontline workers depend on these essential medical items and now more than ever our countries need to work together to combat COVID-19,” Ford tweeted.
Last week, Trump invoked the same 1950 law to force General Motors to build ventilators used to treat COVID-19 patients. The president accused GM of not moving quickly enough and trying to charge the government too much. GM said it had been working on ventilators for weeks. Two days later, Trump praised the auto maker, saying it was “doing a fantastic job.”
The Associated Press contributed to this report.