Callan Gray & The Associated Press
Updated: November 19, 2021 10:55 PM
Created: November 19, 2021 12:13 PM
Kyle Rittenhouse was acquitted of all charges Friday after pleading self-defense in the deadly Kenosha shootings that became a flashpoint in the nation's debate over guns, vigilantism and racial injustice.
Rittenhouse, 18, cried and hugged one of his attorneys upon hearing the not guilty verdict.
He had been charged with homicide, attempted homicide and reckless endangering after killing two men and wounding a third with an AR-style semi-automatic rifle during a tumultuous night of protests over police violence against Black people in the summer of 2020. The former police youth cadet is white, as were those he shot.
The jury, which appeared to be overwhelmingly white, deliberated for close to 3 1/2 days.
Rittenhouse could have gotten life in prison if found guilty on the most serious charge, first-degree intentional homicide, or what some other states call first-degree murder.
Twin Cities legal experts weigh in
“This is a verdict that is going to have repercussions,” the Robert and Marion Short Distinguished Chair in Law at the University of St. Thomas Mark Osler said. “The issue, in this case, is different than for example, the Derek Chauvin case because that was about police violence. This is about vigilantism, which is a different beast really, but one that cuts at the same racial issues that we see in a number of cases.”
According to Osler, under Wisconsin law, the prosecutors have to disprove self-defense.
“In most places, including here, it’s an affirmative defense that the defense has to prove,” he said. “So that worked against the prosecutors as well.”
Osler expects the prosecution was hoping for a compromise verdict.
He said one of the recklessly endangering safety charges stood out to him.
“That involved a guy that came up and kicked at him and missed so he didn’t actually kick Kyle Rittenhouse,” explained Osler.
“Rittenhouse fires two shots at him. Now he missed so it's not a murder charge, it’s reckless endangerment but they acquitted him of that even though the standard for self-defense is that we have to fear imminent death or bodily great bodily harm, and I don't see how that flows from someone trying to kick you.”
Lee Hutton, a Twin Cities trial attorney, was also surprised by the jury’s decision on the lesser counts.
“That’s where I was confused,” he said. “Kyle Rittenhouse came to an area that he was not part of the community but he came armed and he came upon a mission. I thought that is where the jury made a mistake. However, what the defense said is you can separate the mission that he came there for because it gets negated if he’s there on the street exercising his second amendment rights, theoretically protecting, and somebody endangers his life, that’s where he’s able to invoke self-defense.”
Hutton said the defense team was effective at questioning and poking holes in the state’s case.
“The defense was very, very good of, at least minimalizing this case to whether or not the broad statue of self-defense was applied here and at every turn, they reminded the jury that the prosecutors had the burden of proof.”
As for how Friday’s verdict will affect the likelihood a civil case will move forward, Hutton said, “The criminal case has ‘beyond a reasonable doubt’ so a very high burden of proof. Here in the civil action, they will submit that the wrongful death occurred because of Kyle Rittenhouse. The self-defense will still be an issue at play, however, I do think under a civil action, Kyle Rittenhouse may not be as successful in that courtroom.”
Both Osler and Hutton are now waiting to see if federal civil rights charges will be filed against Rittenhouse.
Ahead of the verdict
As the verdict drew near, Gov. Tony Evers pleaded for calm and said 500 National Guard members would be ready for duty in Kenosha if needed.
Rittenhouse was 17 when he went from his home in Antioch, Illinois, to Kenosha after businesses in the city were ransacked and burned over the shooting of a Black man, Jacob Blake, by a white police officer.
Carrying a weapon that authorities said was illegally purchased for the underage Rittenhouse, he joined other armed citizens in what he said was an effort to protect property and provide medical aid.
Bystander and drone video captured most of the frenzied chain of events that followed: Rittenhouse killed Joseph Rosenbaum, 36, then shot to death protester Anthony Huber, 26, and wounded demonstrator Gaige Grosskreutz, now 28.
Prosecutors portrayed Rittenhouse as a "wannabe soldier" who had gone looking for trouble that night and was responsible for creating a dangerous situation in the first place by pointing his rifle at demonstrators.
But Rittenhouse testified: "I didn't do anything wrong. I defended myself."
Breaking into sobs at one point, he told the jury he opened fire after Rosenbaum chased him and made a grab for his gun. He said he was afraid his rifle was going to be wrested away and used to kill him.
Huber was then killed after hitting Rittenhouse in the head or neck with a skateboard, and Grosskreutz was shot after pointing a gun of his own at Rittenhouse.
The case was part of an extraordinary confluence of trials that reflected the deep divide over race in the United States: In Georgia, three white men are on trial in the killing of Ahmaud Arbery, while in Virginia, a trial is underway in a lawsuit over the deadly white-supremacist rally held in Charlottesville in 2017.
The exact racial makeup of the Rittenhouse jury wasn't clear because jurors were not asked about their race in court.
The bloodshed in Kenosha took place during a summer of sometimes-violent protests set off across the U.S. by the killing of George Floyd in Minneapolis and other cases involving the police use of force against Black people.
While some Americans condemned Rittenhouse as a vigilante, some on the right hailed him as a hero who exercised his Second Amendment gun rights and tried to put a stop to lawlessness.
Then-President Donald Trump said it appeared Rittenhouse had been "very violently attacked." Supporters donated more than $2 million toward his legal defense.
Rittenhouse had also been charged with possession of a dangerous weapon by a person under 18, a misdemeanor that had appeared likely to lead to a conviction. But Judge Bruce Schroeder threw out that charge before jury deliberations after the defense argued that the Wisconsin law did not apply to the long-barreled rifle used by Rittenhouse.
Schroeder's handling of the trial drew attention at several points, including when he led applause for military veterans on Veterans Day just before a defense witness who had been in the Army was about to take the stand. The judge also let Rittenhouse himself draw juror numbers from a raffle drum to set the final 12 who deliberated.
Video and testimony from some of the prosecution's own witnesses seemed to buttress Rittenhouse's claim of self-defense.
Witnesses described Rosenbaum as "hyperaggressive" and said that he dared others to shoot him and threatened to kill Rittenhouse earlier that night. A videographer testified Rosenbaum lunged for the rifle just before he was shot, and a pathologist said his injuries appeared to indicate his hand was over the barrel.
Also, Rosenbaum's fiancee disclosed that he was on medication for bipolar disorder and depression. Rittenhouse's lawyers branded Rosenbaum a "crazy person."
Some civil rights activists saw a racial double standard in the way the white gunman was treated.
On the night of the shootings, law enforcement officers saw Rittenhouse and other armed people on the streets despite a curfew and gave them bottles of water, with one officer heard saying over a loudspeaker, "We appreciate you guys."
Later, amid the tumult, Rittenhouse managed to get past a police line with his weapon slung over his shoulder and was not arrested that night.
Callan Gray contributed to this report.
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